Friday 28 April 2017

Poland supports India's permanent membership at UNSC: Vice President

Poland supports India's permanent membership at UNSC: Vice President 

Vice President M. Hamid Ansari said, Poland supports India's permanent(स्थायी) membership at the expanded (विस्तारित) United Nations Security Council.  Addressing media after delegation level talks
with the Polish Prime Minister Beata Szydło, Ansari informed that Poland has reiterated(दोहराया) its support to India at Nuclear Suppliers Group and India has appreciated Poland on its support to make India a member of Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). He also said, that Poland agrees with India on early adoption of Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT) at the UN. 

Having a strong economic tie with Poland, the Vice President said, bilateral(द्विपक्षीय) relations should be enhanced to a higher level. 

He said, during the talks both the countries have agreed to work on regional and international issues of common interest. India has also signed an MoU in the field of agriculture and looks for cooperation in the food processing, solar energy, clean coal, treatment of waste water and solid waste management. 

It was also stated by Vice President that as part of cultural cooperation Indian festivals will be celebrated in various cities of Poland. 

1. What is the MTCR?

The Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) is an informal political understanding among states that seek to limit the proliferation of missiles and missile technology.
2. When was the MTCR established?
The regime was formed in 1987 by the G-7 industrialized countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK, and the United States).

3. Who belongs to the MTCR?

There are currently 35 countries that are members (Partners) of the MTCR: Argentina (1993); Australia (1990); Austria (1991); Belgium (1990); Brazil (1995); Bulgaria (2004); Canada (1987); Czech Republic (1998); Denmark (1990); Finland (1991); France (1987); Germany (1987); Greece 1992); Hungary (1993); Iceland (1993); India (2016); Ireland (1992); Italy (1987); Japan (1987); Luxemburg (1990); Netherlands (1990); New Zealand (1991); Norway (1990); Poland (1998); Portugal (1992); Republic of Korea (2001); Russian Federation (1995); South Africa (1995); Spain (1990); Sweden (1991); Switzerland (1992); Turkey (1997); Ukraine (1998); United Kingdom (1987); United States of America (1987). The date in brackets represents the initial year of membership.

4. What is the purpose of the MTCR?

The MTCR was initiated by like-minded countries to address the increasing proliferation of nuclear weapons by addressing the most destabilizing delivery system for such weapons. In 1992, the MTCR’s original focus on missiles for nuclear weapons delivery was extended to a focus on the proliferation of missiles for the delivery of all types of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), i.e., nuclear, chemical and biological weapons. Such proliferation has been identified as a threat to international peace and security. One way to counter this threat is to maintain vigilance over the transfer of missile equipment, material, and related technologies usable for systems capable of delivering WMD.

5. What is the relationship between the MTCR and the UN?

While there is no formal linkage, the activities of the MTCR are consistent with the UN’s non-proliferation and export control efforts. For example, applying the MTCR Guidelines and Annex on a national basis helps countries to meet their export control obligations under UN Security Council Resolution 1540.

6. Is the MTCR a treaty?

No. The MTCR is not a treaty and does not impose any legally binding obligations on Partners (members). Rather, it is an informal political understanding among states that seek to limit the proliferation of missiles and missile technology.

7. What are the main objectives of the MTCR?

The MTCR seeks to limit the risks of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) by controlling exports of goods and technologies that could make a contribution to delivery systems (other than manned aircraft) for such weapons. In this context, the Regime places particular focus on rockets and unmanned aerial vehicles capable of delivering a payload of at least 500 kg to a range of at least 300 km and on equipment, software, and technology for such systems.

Definitions of reiterate दोहराया

say something again or a number of times, typically for emphasis or clarity.
she reiterated that the administration would remain steadfast in its support
synonyms: repeat, say again, restate, retell, recapitulate, go over (and over), rehearse

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