PRETORIA: Two Indian-origin women veterans (दिग्गजों) of the freedom struggle in South African were conferred the highest National Order awards by President Jacob Zuma on Friday. Fatima Meer posthumously(मरणोपरांत) received the Order of Luthuli in Silver; while Shantie Naidoo joined 21 others, who were part of a group who suffered at the hands of the apartheid-era (रंगभेद काल) security police who tortured them and held them in solitary confinement(एकान्त कारावास), to receive the same award at the Presidential Guest House in Pretoria.
Meer, a lifelong friend of the late Nelson Mandela together with her husband Ismail Meer, started her activist career as a high school student aged 17 in 1945.
"The Indian community suffered the enactment(अधिनियमित) of the first Segregation Act which restricted their economic and residential rights to specific areas in the country," said Meer's citation from the presidency.
"The Indian community resisted by organising Satyagraha, the first since Gandhi's Satyagraha at the close of the century."
Meer mobilised high school students and established the Students Passive Resistance Committee to canvass and raise funds for the Passive Resistance Campaign.
Excelling as a historian and sociologist, Meer was a prolific writer, including a biography of Mandela, as well as the script for the film Taj Mahal, made by Indian filmmaker Akbar Khan.
In 1969, she published a book, Portrait of Indian South Africans, donating the total proceeds thereof to the Gandhi Settlement towards the building of the Gandhi Museum and Clinic at the Phoenix Settlement started by Gandhi, which is still run today by his granddaughter Ela Gandhi.
After the advent of democracy in 1994 under President Mandela, Meer served as a member of the parliament before passing on in 2010.
Naidoo is a descendant of Thambi Naidoo, one of Gandhi's most trusted lieutenants during his tenure in South Africa at the turn of the last century.