Thursday 9 March 2017

Hawaii becomes first state to sue over Trump's revised travel ban

Hawaii becomes first state to sue over Trump's revised travel ban

Hawaii has become the first state to file a lawsuit against Donald Trump’s revised travel ban, saying the order will harm its Muslim population, tourism and foreign students. Attorneys for the state filed the lawsuit (मुकदमा) against the US government on Wednesday in the federal court in Honolulu. The state had sued over Trump’s initial travel ban, but that lawsuit was put on hold while other cases played out across the country. Trump’s new executive order, signed on Monday, bars new visas for people from six Muslim-majority countries and replaces an initial order issued on 27 January, which was chaotically(चतुराई से) rolled out and subsequently halted by a federal court following a barrage (बाँध)of legal challenges from states and advocate groups across the country. The new order sought to alleviate some of these complaints by offering exemptions to lawful permanent US residents and current visa holders from the six countries – Yemen, Somalia, Sudan, Iran, Syria and Libya – as well as staggering the timeframe of implementation. But the state of Hawaii argues in an amended complaint that the new order remains incompatible with freedom of religion protections in both the state and federal constitutions, will harm the state’s economy and educational institutions, and would prevent Hawaiians with family members in the six targeted countries from reuniting(पुन: संयोजन). “Given that the new executive order began life as a ‘Muslim ban’, its implementation also means that the state will be forced to tolerate ( सहन )a policy that disfavours one religion and violates the establishment clauses of both the federal and state constitutions,” the complaint states.

Hawaii’s attorney general, Douglas Chin, said nothing of substance had changed in Trump’s revised order. “There is the same blanket ban on entry from Muslim-majority countries (minus one) and the same sweeping shutdown of refugee admissions (absent one exception) and lawless warren of exceptions and waivers,” Chin said.

“Hawaii is special in that it has always been non-discriminatory in both its history and constitution,” he added said. “Twenty per cent of the people is foreign-born, 100,000 are non-citizens and 20% of the labour force is foreign-born.”

Chin said people in Hawaii find the idea of a travel ban based on nationality distasteful because they remember when Japanese Americans were sent to internment camps during the second world war. Hawaii was the site of one of the camps. People in Hawaii know that the fear of newcomers can lead to bad policy, Chin said. The government has been instructed to file a response to the motion by 13 March, with a date in court set for 15 March at 9.30am Hawaiian time, just hours before the second executive order will come into full force. 

Imam Ismail Elshikh of the Muslim Association of Hawaii, a plaintiff in the state’s challenge, said the ban will keep his Syrian mother-in-law from visiting. “The family is devastated,” the filing said.

It remains unclear whether other states that challenged Trump’s first ban will follow Hawaii’s lead. The Washington state attorney general, Bob Ferguson, said on Monday he was “carefully reviewing” the new order. As of Wednesday morning, Ferguson had filed no new motions in the case.

The New York state attorney general, Eric Schneiderman, also said on Monday he was “closely reviewing the new order” but has yet to announce any further action.

Carl Tobias, a professor at the University of Richmond Law School, said Hawaii’s complaint seemed in many ways similar to Washington’s successful lawsuit, but whether it would prompt a similar result was tough to say.

He said he expected the judge, an appointee of Barack Obama who was a longtime prosecutor, to be receptive to “at least some of it”.

Given that the new executive order spells out more of a national security rationale than the old one and allows for some travellers from the six countries to be admitted on a case-by-case basis, it will be harder to show that the new order is intended to discriminate  (भेदभाव) against Muslims, Tobias said.

“The administration’s cleaned it up, but whether they have cleaned it up enough I don’t know,” he said. “It may be harder to convince a judge there’s religious animus here.”

Tobias also said it was good that Hawaii’s lawsuit included an individual plaintiff, considering that some legal scholars have questioned whether the states themselves have standing to challenge the ban.

Definitions of tolerate सहन 
allow the existence, occurrence, or practice of (something that one does not necessarily like or agree with) without interference.
a regime unwilling to tolerate dissent
synonyms: allow, permit, condone, accept, swallow, countenance, brook, suffer


Definitions of discriminate भेदभाव
recognize a distinction; differentiate.
babies can discriminate between different facial expressions of emotion
synonyms: differentiate, distinguish, draw a distinction, tell the difference, tell apart, separate, separate the sheep from the goats, separate the wheat from the chaff
make an unjust or prejudicial distinction in the treatment of different categories of people or things, especially on the grounds of race, sex, or age.
existing employment policies discriminate against women
synonyms: be biased against, be prejudiced against, treat differently, treat unfairly, put at a disadvantage, single out, victimize

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