Chinese scientists build world's first quantum computing machine
China has beaten the world at building the first ever quantum computing machine that is 24,000 times faster than its international counterparts(समकक्षों). Making the announcement at a press conference in the Shanghai Institute for Advanced Studies of University of Science and Technology, the scientists said that this quantum computing machine may dwarf the processing power of existing supercomputers.
Researchers also said that quantum computing could in some ways dwarf the processing power of today's supercomputers.
The manipulation of multi-particle entanglement (नाज़ुक हालत) is the core of quantum computing technology and has been the focus of international quantum computing research. Recently, Pan Jianwei of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lu Chaoyang and Zhu Xiaobo of the University of Science and Technology of China and Wang Haohua of Zhejiang University set international records in quantum control of the maximal numbers of entangled photonic quantum bits and entangled superconducting quantum bits.
Pan said quantum computers could, in principle, solve certain problems faster than classical computers.
Despite substantial progress in the past two decades, building quantum machines that can actually outperform classical computers in some specific tasks - an important milestone termed "quantum supremacy" - remains challenging.
In the quest for quantum supremacy, Boson sampling - an intermediate quantum computer model - has received considerable attention, as it requires fewer physical resources than building universal optical quantum computers, Pan was quoted as saying by the state-run Xinhua news agency.
Last year, the researchers had developed the world's best single photon source based on semiconductor quantum dots.
Now, they are using the high-performance single photon source and electronically programmable photonic circuit to build a multi-photon quantum computing prototype to run the Boson sampling task.
The test results show the sampling rate of this prototype is at least 24,000 times faster than international counterparts, researchers said.
At the same time, the prototype quantum computing machine is 10 to 100 times faster than the first electronic computer, ENIAC, and the first transistor computer, TRADIC, in running the classical algorithm, Pan said.
It is the first quantum computing machine based on single photons that goes beyond the early classical computer, and ultimately paves(अंततः प्रशस्त करता है) the way to a quantum computer that can beat classical computers.
Last year, China had successfully launched the world's first quantum satellite that will explore(का पता लगाने) "hack proof" quantum communications by transmitting unhackable keys from space, and provide insight into the strangest phenomenon in quantum physics - quantum entanglement.
The research was published in the journal Nature Photonics.
supercomputer in the world
As of June 2016, the fastest supercomputer in the world is the Sunway TaihuLight, in mainland China, with a LINPACK benchmark score of 93 PFLOPS (P=peta), exceeding the previous record holder, Tianhe-2, by around 59 PFLOPS. It tops the rankings in the TOP500 supercomputer list.
As of July 2016, India has 9 systems on the Top500 list ranking 110, 139, 186, 217, 337, 397, 414, 435 and 439.
110 Indian Institute of Science SahasraT (SERC - Cray XC40) 901.5 1244.2
139 Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology Aaditya (iDataPlex DX360M4) 719.2 790.7
186 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research TIFR - Cray XC30 558.8 730.7
217 Indian Institute of Technology Delhi HP Apollo 6000 Xl230/250 524.4 1,170.1
337 Centre for Development of Advanced Computing PARAM Yuva - II 388.4 520.4
397 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur Cluster Platform SL230s Gen8 344.3 359.6
414 CSIR Centre for Mathematical Modelling and Computer Simulation Cluster Platform 3000 BL460c Gen8 334.4 362.1
435 National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting iDataPlex DX360M4 318.4 350.1
439 IT Services Provider Cluster Platform SL250s Gen8 316.8 373.2