National Education Day is celebrated on November 11 to mark the birth anniversary of independent India's first education minister and freedom fighter Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed Azad known as Maulana Abul Kalam Azad who served the country from 1947 to 1958. Azad voiced for universal primary education, girl's education, free and compulsory education till 14, vocational training and technical education. WhyNovember 11 is celebrated as National Education Day: Know about Azad's role in India's education. Azad was born on November 11, 1888. His real name was Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin who eventually became known as Maulana Azad
His birth anniversary is celebrated as the National Education Day
Being the chairman of the Central Advisory Board of Education, he gave momentum to adult literacy and advocated for diversification of secondary education and vocational training
He administered the formation of The Central Institute of Education, Delhi which later became the Department of Education of DU
Under his chairmanship, the Ministry of Education established the first Indian Institute of Technology in 1951 and the University Grants Commission in 1953
He emphasised the set up of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore and Faculty of Technology of Delhi University
Speaking at a conference on All India Education on January 16, 1948, he said, " We must not for a moment forget, it is a birthright of every individual to receive at least the basic education without which he cannot fully discharge his duties as a citizen."
He was one of the founders of Jamila Milia Islamia University
In 1992, he was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna.
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