Dengue prevention and control(रोकथाम और नियंत्रण) is everyone's responsibility; together we can make a difference. National Dengue Day has been observed on 16th of May, 2017 by Ministry ofHealth and Family Welfare (MoHFW), Government of India. The aim of this day is to control the Dengue through create awareness, initiate preventive actions and continue till transmission(हस्तांतरण) season is over. Dengue is a common viral disease spread by mosquito bite. It is transmitted by a mosquito called Aedes Aegypti. It occurs in two forms. The first form is, Classical Dengue fever also known as break bone fever because of the severe pain it develops in patients’ joints. The second form is Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever which is not only painful but also deadly. It usually results in abnormal bleeding from nose, gums (मसूड़ों) or as blood in urine.
The disease is endemic(स्थानिक) in more than 100 countries in the WHO regions of Africa, the Americas, the Eastern Mediterranean, South-East Asia and the Western Pacific. The America, South-East Asia and Western Pacific regions are the most seriously affected.
Dengue is a very common disease in India especially during rainy season. In the year 2015, According to National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) maximum number of cases were reported from Delhi followed by Punjab, Haryana, West Bengal, Gujarat , Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Uttarakhand, Telangana and other states.
The best way to prevent dengue is to avoid mosquito bite and mosquito breeding in and around the houses.
So, how to do it?
Use mosquito nets or repellents(विकर्षक वस्तु).
Wear long-sleeved clothes in order to prevent exposure of arms or legs to mosquitoes.
Do not allow water to stagnate(बहना). The most common places for mosquitoes to breed are plastic containers, buckets, used automobile tyres, water coolers, pet watering containers and flower vases. So, ensure that they are cleaned at least once a week.
Use pesticide spraying or fogging in your surroundings.