The Union Cabinet under the Chairmanship of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has accorded its approval for an extension of timeline for taking over 50% of the Outstanding Debt of DISCOMs, as existing on 30 September 2015, by States and borrowings by State of Jammu & Kashmir under UDAY (Ujjwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana) - a scheme for operational and financial turnaround of DISCOMs. The timelimits have now been extended by one year from the earlier stipulated date of 31st March, 2016. This decision would allow States, which could not participate in the scheme UDAY earlier to join the Scheme.
Under UDAY, so far 19 States have already given their consent to join the scheme, out of which 10 States, viz. Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Punjab, Bihar, Haryana, Gujarat, Uttarakhand and Jammu & Kashmir have already signed MOUs with the Central Government. In the year 2015-16, Bonds worth Rs 99,541 crores were floated by the participating States to clear 50% of the outstanding debt of States and outstanding CPSU dues in Jharkhand and Jammu & Kashmir. Further, DISCOM Bonds worth Rs 11,524 crores were floated. In the year 2016-17, Bonds worth Rs 14,801 crores have been floated by the State of Uttar Pradesh. UDAY provides for the financial turnaround and revival of Power Distribution companies (DISCOMs), and importantly also ensures a sustainable permanent solution to this long standing problem. UDAY envisages a permanent resolution of past as well as potential future issues of the sector. It empowers DISCOMs with the opportunity to break even in the next 2-3 years. This is through four initiatives (i) Improving operational efficiencies of DISCOMs; (ii) Reduction of cost of power; (iii) Reduction in interest cost of DISCOMs through States taking over 75% of the DISCOM debts, as on 30th Sep, 2015 over two years, and the rest being re-priced through bonds and loans at lower interest rates; (iv) Enforcing financial discipline on DISCOMs through alignment with State finances.
Operational efficiency improvements like compulsory smart metering, upgradation of transformers, meters etc., energy efficiency measures like efficient LED bulbs, agricultural pumps, fans & air-conditioners etc. will reduce the average AT&C loss from around 22% to 15% and eliminate the gap between Average Revenue Realized (ARR) & Average Cost of Supply (ACS) by 2018-19. Reduction in cost of power would be achieved through measures such as increased supply of cheaper domestic coal, coal linkage rationalization, liberal coal swaps from inefficient to efficient plants, coal price rationalization based on GCV (Gross Calorific Value), supply of washed and crushed coal, and faster completion of transmission lines.
With this approval for extension of timeline, the States shall take over 75% of DISCOM 'debt as on 30 September 2015 by 31st March, 2017 by issuing Bonds, an intervention to lower the interest burden of debts. With the approval, States which could not join so far would get an opportunity to join UDAY and put the DISCOM reforms on accelerated path.