Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar on 12 June 2016 inaugurated Child Labour Tracking System (CLTS). The system was launched to keep a track of rescued child labour for their proper rehabilitation. Besides, CM Nitish Kumar also announced that he had in principle accepted the Charter of Demands submitted by the rescued child labour. A committee headed by ChiefSecretary for implementation of children’s demands will also be set up.
Key highlights of Child Labour Tracking System
• Every rescued child will be given 25000 rupees from Chief Minister’s Relief Fund.
• The money will directly go to children’s bank account. The amount will instil a sense of confidence among the children.
• The money will be given to all those children who will be registered under the tracking system.
Why a tracking system is needed?
Even if children are rescued from working as child labour, there is no guarantee that they would not be forced to work. Therefore, there is need for tracking those children who have been rescued besides, monitoring such children as to what they are doing.
Child labour in India
• Child labour is a practice that deprives children of their childhood. Besides, it is also harmful to their physical and mental development.
• In India, poverty, lack of good schools and growth of informal economy are considered as the key causes of child labour.
• The 2011 national census of India estimated the total number of child labour, aged 5–14, to be at 4.35 million.
• Article 24 of India's constitution prohibits hazardous child labour.
• The Juvenile Justice (care and protection) of Children Act-2000, and the Child Labour (Prohibition and Abolition) Act-1986 provide a basis in law to identify, prosecute and stop child labour in India.